IELTS Reading: True/False/Not Given

Many students ask me how to do "True/False/Not-Given" or "Yes/No/Not-Given" questions. The reason why this type of question is hard for many candidates is that it tests your understanding or certain information rather than just finding key words. Here are some advices about doing this type of question. Click here.

Here is an easy practice. Try to finish all questions within 8 minutes.

ROADS—THE FACTS
 • In 1994 the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution described "the unrelenting growth of transport "as" possibly the greatest environmental threat facing the UK".
 • The Department of Transport predicts a doubling of traffic on 1988 levels by the years 2025. The Countryside  • Commission has warned that traffic through country areas may treble by then.
 • Vehicle exhaust is the major cause of urban air pollution. World Health Organization limits are regularly exceeded in most UK cities.
 • 1 in 7 children suffers from asthma, thought to be exacerbated by traffic fumes.
 • Over 1500 wildlife sites including ancient woodlands and sites of special scientific interest are still threatened by road building.
 • Four times as many junior-age children are driven to school in Britain as in Germany, because of road dangers. In  Holland 60 per cent of children cycle to school—compared with only 2 per cent here.

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IELTS Reading: A True/False/Not-Given pracitce

Here is an IELTS Reading Pracitce about True/False/Not Given question. Spend no more than 12 minutes on this practice.

When was the last time you saw a frog? Chances are, if you live in a city, you have not seen one for some time. Even in wet areas once teeming with frogs and toads, it is becoming less and less easy to find those slimy, hopping and sometimes poisonous members of the animal kingdom. All over the world, and even in remote parts of Australia, frogs are losing the ecological battle for survival, and biologists are at a loss to explain their demise. Are amphibians simply over-sensitive to changes in the ecosystem? Could it be that their rapid decline in numbers is signaling some coming environmental disaster for us all?

This frightening scenario is in part the consequence of a dramatic increase over the last quarter century in the development of once natural areas of wet marshland; home not only to frogs but to all manner of wildlife. However, as yet, there are no obvious reasons why certain frog species are disappearing from rainforests in Australia that have barely been touched by human hand. The mystery is unsettling to say the least, for it is known that amphibian species are extremely sensitive to environmental variations in temperature and moisture levels. The danger is that planet Earth might not only lose a vital link in the ecological food chain (frogs keep populations of otherwise pestilent insects at manageable levels), but we might be increasing our output of air pollutants to levels that may have already become irreversible. Frogs could be inadvertently warning us of a catastrophe.

An example of a species of frog that, at far as is known, has become extinct, is the platypus frog. Like the well-known Australian mammal it was named after, it exhibited some very strange behaviour; instead of giving birth to tadpoles in the water, it raised its young within its stomach. The baby frogs were actually born from out of their mother's mouth. Discovered in 1981, less than ten years later the frog had completely vanished from the crystal clear waters of Booloumba Creek near Queensland's Sunshine Coast. Unfortunately, this freak of nature is not the only frog species to have been lost in Australia. Since the 1970s, no less than eight others have suffered the same fate.

One theory that seems to fit the facts concerns the depletion of the ozone layer, a well-documented phenomenon which has led to a sharp increase in ultraviolet radiation levels. The ozone layer is meant to shield the Earth from UV rays, but increased radiation may be having a greater effect upon frog populations than previously believed. Another theory is that worldwide temperature increases are upsetting the breeding cycles of frogs.

On your answer sheet please write:
    TRUE               if the statement is true
    FALSE              if the statement is false
    NOT GIVEN         if the information is not given in the passage

1. Frogs are disappearing only from city areas.
2. Frogs and toads are usually poisonous.
3. Biologists are unable to explain why frogs are dying.
4. The frogs' natural habitat is becoming more and more developed.
5. Attempts are being made to halt the development of wet marshland.
6. Frogs are important in the ecosystem because they control pests.
7. The platypus frog became extinct by 1991.
8
. Frogs usually give birth to their young in an underwater nest.
9. Eight frog species have become extinct so far in Australia.
10. There is convincing evidence that the ozone layer is being depleted.
11. It is a fact that frogs' breeding cycles are upset by worldwide increases in temperature.

Answers

1. False
2. False
3. True
4. True
5. False
6. True
7. True
8. Not Given
9. False
10. True
11. False

IELTS Reading: True/False/Not Given and Yes/No/Not Given

The question types:
In fact there are two question types here:

1. True/False/Not given: fact based
2. Yes/No/Not given: opinion based

In each case you need to decide if the information in the text agrees with the information in the question. You should note that in the “Yes/No/Not given” questions, you are normally asked to look for the writer’s opinions rather than facts.

Many students think this type of question is very hard, because it is testing “Do you understand” instead of “Can you find”.

So for this type of question, you need first “find”, then “understand”

Finding
You need to be able to find the right part of the text quickly. you decide which words in the question we need to search for, then try to locate those words (or words with the same meaning) in the text.

Understanding
When you have found where the answer is, you need to read that part of the text carefully. Read the sentences before and after the keywords that you found. Then it becomes a test of your vocabulary knowledge: if you don't understand the words that you are reading, it will be difficult to get the right answer.

A difficulty – Not Given

The “Not Given” variation is probably what makes this type of question so difficult. How can you deal with this problem? You need to understand that:

 • “Not given” does not mean “Not mentioned”. Typically, you may find the “NG” information/words mentioned in the text – they simply don’t answer the question
 • You cannot add information that is probably true: you can only use the information given in the text

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IELTS Reading: True, False, Not Given

Read the following passage about the two major parties in Australia.

The Australian political scene is dominated by two major parties that have quite different political agendas. However, the policies of the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal Party have become much more difficult to tell apart in recent years. In fact, it would be true to say that both parties consist of conservative, moderate and radical elements, and therefore the general public is often perplexed about which party to vote for. Nonetheless, it is usual to find that an Australian will lean towards supporting one of these two parties and remain faithful to that pray for life.

The Labor Party was formed early in the twentieth century to safeguard the interests of the common working man and to give the trade unions political representation in Parliament. The Party has always had strong connections with the unions, and supports the concept of a welfare society in which people who are less fortunate than others are financially, and otherwise, assisted in their quest for a more equitable slice of the economic pie. The problem is that such socialist political agendas are extremely expensive to implement and maintain, especially in a country that, although comparatively wealthy, is vast and with a small working and hence taxpaying population base. Welfare societies tend towards bankruptcy unless government spending is kept in check.

The Liberal Party, on the other hand, argues that the best way to ensure a fair division of wealth in the country is to allow more freedom to create it. This, in turn, means more opportunities, jobs created etc., and therefore more wealth available to all. Just how the poor are to share in the distribution of this wealth (beyond being given, at least in theory, the opportunity to create it) is, however, less well understood. Practice, of course, may make nonsense of even the best theoretical intentions, and often the less political powerful are badly catered for under governments implementing "free-for-all" policies.

It is no wonder that given the two major choices offered them, Australian voters are increasingly turning their attention to the smaller political parties, which claim to offer a more balanced swag of policies, often based around one major current issue. Thus, for instance, at the last election there was the No Aircraft Noise Party, popular in city areas, and the Green Party, which is almost solely concerned with environmental issues.

Decide whether the following statements are

    TURE                        if the statement is true
    FALSE                       if the statement is false
    NOT GIVEN               if the information is not given in the passage

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IELTS Reading: true, false, not given

Read the following passage from a text about linguistics.

Before the twentieth century, the term "philology" was commonly used to refer to the science of language, which was then predominantly historical in focus. However, this focus has shifted and the term "philology" is now generally used for the "study of a language's grammar, history and literary tradition", especially in the United States. The term "linguistics" is now the usual academic term in English for the scientific study of language.

Linguistics concerns itself with describing and explaining the nature of human language. Relevant to this are the questions of what is universal to language, how language can vary, and how human beings come to know languages. Humans achieve competence in whatever language is spoken around them when growing up, with apparently little need for explicit conscious instruction.

Linguists assume that the ability to acquire and use language is an innate, biologically-based potential of human beings, similar to the ability to walk. It is generally agreed that there are no strong genetic differences underlying the differences between languages: an individual will acquire whatever language(s) he or she is exposed to as a child, regardless of parentage or ethnic origin.

According to the text, are the following statements true, false or not given?

  1. Up until the 1900s, the science of language was usually referred to as 'philology'.
  2. In order to learn a language, children need a significant amount of instruction.
  3. Research has shown that humans have an inbuilt capacity for language learning.

see the answers in the comments