IELTS Listening: a Section 4 Practice

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Here is a practice of IELTS Listening Section 4 - In this section you will hear an extract from a BBC television program on acid rain. 

Section 4 Questions 33 – 40

Questions 33 – 35 (You may select more than one options for each answer)
33. Which countries are affected by Britain's pollution?
34. Which country relies heavily on nuclear power?
35. Which countries use lime filtering to reduce the amount of chemical pollutant released into the atmosphere?

A.    Australia
B.    Belgium
C.    Denmark
D.    France
E.    Germany
F.    Holland
G.    Japan
H.    Sweden
I.     the USA

Questions 36 – 40 Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer

36. When did the fish stock there begin to decline?  __________
37. What did scientists inject into the land?   __________
38. Has the situation improved?   __________
39. How effective is the use of limestone slurry?   __________
40. What is one of the major disadvantages of using limestone slurry?   __________

Answers

Answers:
33:
C,E,F,H
34: D
35: E,G,I
Hits: when you read the questions, be careful about the singular/plural of the nouns. (Questions 33 and 35 ask you "which countries" which means your answers should be MORE THAN ONE. Question 34 asks you "which country", which means the answer is just ONE.)
36: (in) (the) 1950s  (NOT 1950)
37: lime
38: yes
39: 90% / ninety per cent (be careful, it's "pre cent", not "percent")
40: expensive

taperecord

Section Four. You will hear an extract from a BBC television program on acid rain. First you have some time to look at Questions 33 to 40.

Now listen to the first part of the discussion, and answer Questions 33 to 35. 

Acid rain is a problem facing many countries at the moment, and a global solution is required. One of the most concerning elements of the problem is that it disturbs the natural balance of lakes and rivers, poisoning fish and wild lives, and it even corrodes metal and stone work. In parts of Scandinavia, thousands of lakes are so polluted that it can no longer sustain fish life. Acid rain isn't entirely a new phenomenon. It in facts started around the time of industry revolution of the 19th century, but it's getting worse. Britain contributes to the pollution problems in Denmark, Holland, Sweden, and Germany, and at present, we produce as much sulphur dioxide in the U.K. as France, Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands all put together. Most of this pollution is caused by power stations, which have emerged as the result of Britain rich coal deposit. But France, on the other hand, derives three quarters of its electricity from nuclear power.

But there are things we can do to help the situation by reducing the amount of chemical pollutant we release into the atmosphere. And in Japan, Germany, and United States, power stations use a lime filtering process, which removes around 90 per cent of the sulphur emissions.

Now answer Questions 36 to 40. Write no more than Three words for each answer.

At Lock Fleets in Galloway in the south Scotland, a similar experiment is being conducted by British Coal and a number of other electricity boards. Fish stocks here began to decline in the 1950s, and within 20 years, there was no brown trout left. By injecting lime into the land around the water and neutralizing the effects of acid, scientists have created conditions in which fish can survive. This is maybe one solution, but we need to consider how to control sulphur emissions. While, one way, of course, is to scrub out the sulphur dioxide by means of lime stone slurry. Very effective, 90 per cent in fact. But it does have the disadvantage of being expensive, which will put up the cost of electricity 10 to 15 per cent, which may cause difficulties for British industry. And it has its own environmental problems because the limestone has to be dug out of the ground often in very attractive parts of the country transported to the power station. And we have eventually a large waste disposal problem. Alternatively, you can use imported low sulphur coal. We might increase the amount of natural gas we burn, or even increase the size of the nuclear power program. But there are environmental objections by many people to nuclear power.

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